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A Global
Governance Coalition

Bipolarity is no longer returning—it is here, and it is here to stay for the foreseeable future. News today is dominated by US-China relations, indicating a recognition of today's bipolar system, and China continues to close the gap in the economic realm. The effects of this bipolarity have substantially deepened as elites in both Washington and Beijing have become aware of the new global structure and are acting accordingly. Structure and beliefs are amplifying each other says Stephen Hopgood.

In addition, DIG, (2020) writes that the specific link between music and politics has long been accepted by politicians. Election battlegrounds around the world frequently see politicians tussling over appropriate campaign music. The journalist John Street noted that in 2001, the UK election had been the subject of numerous articles examining the song choices of political parties. Street’s initial conclusion – that “musical taste was a mark of political credibility” – gave way to a more nuanced view that music, long censored in more repressive states, has a “capacity to provoke a political response” and that “the pleasures of music are part of its politics, not an incidental feature of them”.


Genre: Ambient

Artists: Doug Maxwell; Zac Zinger

Audio title: Sao Meo


United World International. (2020). Music, the monster and the multipolar world. [online] Available at: [Accessed 26 Mar. 2022].

Dig! (2020.). Music And Politics: How Musicians Learned To Fight The Power. [online] Available at:

Hopgood, S. (2019). When the Music Stops. Journal of Humanitarian Affairs, 1(1), pp.4–14.

Grunstein, J. (2008). The Nonpolar World. [online] Available at: [Accessed 26 Mar. 2022]. (2008.). Brand States: Postmodern Power, Democratic Pluralism, and Design - Journal #1 December 2008 - e-flux. [online] Available at: [Accessed 26 Mar. 2022].

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